Scones are traditional pastries that are simple and easy to make, and delicious to eat. They are a component of cream tea, an English afternoon tradition in which they are served with tea, clotted cream, and jam but you can enjoy your homemade scones wherever and whenever you want! You can also share them with friends or family!
2 cups (250 grams) all-purpose/plain flour
1 teaspoon baking powder
¼ teaspoon baking soda (bicarbonate of soda)
3 tablespoons – 1/3 cup (65 grams) sugar
1 stick (113 grams) cold butter
½ cup (120 milliliters) cream or half-and-half
Pinch of salt
1 teaspoon vanilla extract (optional)
¼ cup (60 milliliters) of cream, half-and-half, or milk
Preheat the oven to 400°F (200°C). Make sure that there is nothing inside your oven and that the baking rack is positioned in the center.
Mix all of the dry ingredients in a bowl. Pour the flour, baking powder, baking soda, sugar, and salt into a large bowl and stir with a fork or whisk until everything is well-blended.
For less-sweet scones, use 3 tablespoons of sugar.
For sweeter scones, increase the sugar to 1/3 cup (65 grams).
For savory scones, omit the sugar.
Cut the butter into small cubes and add it to the flour mixture. Cutting the butter will make it more manageable and easier to mix.
Mix the butter and flour mix until it resembles a coarse, crumbly meal. You can use a pastry blade or your hands. The crumbles should be roughly the size of peas. Do not over-work the dough, however; this will result in tough, overly-dense scones.
To make chocolate chip scones, add ½ cup (90 grams) of semi-sweet chocolate chips and stir.
Pour the cream or half-and-half into the dough a little bit at a time and mix it.
Start with a few tablespoons of the liquid, and keep adding and
stirring until the dough starts to come away from the sides of the bowl
and clump up. You may end up using a little less/more than ½ cup (120
milliliters) of your liquid.
To give your scones a little more flavor, consider adding 1 teaspoon of vanilla extract to the cream or half-and-half.
Cover the dough with plastic wrap and put it into the refrigerator. Leave it there for 15 to 20 minutes. This will give the butter enough time to cool back down, making the dough easier to handle later on.
Prepare your egg wash. Mix one egg with ¼ cup (60
milliliters) of cream, half-and-half, or milk. Beat the mixture with a
fork or whisk until the yolk is all broken up and there are no streaks.
You will be spreading this on your scones later on.
Cut the dough in half and put one of the halves back into the fridge. You are cutting the dough in half so that you don't end up over-rolling the dough, which could lead to a tough pastry. Putting the dough back into the fridge will prevent it from becoming too soft too soon. Be sure that you cover the dough going back into the fridge with some plastic wrap.
Transfer the dough onto a lightly-floured surface and roll it out.
Make it somewhere between ¾ to 1 inch (2 to 2.5 centimeters) thick, but
not thinner or it will not rise enough. Keep in mind, however, that the
thicker your dough is, the longer it will need to bake. You can create a
line in the centre of your scones to cut through when they are baked
and ready to fill with cream or butter by rolling out to half the
thickness you require then folding your scone mix in half. Cut through
both layers to form the individual scones.
Cut the scones using a knife or cookie cutter. There are several ways you can do this. Here are some ideas:
Make traditional scones by cutting the dough into a 9-inch (23-centimeter) circle, and then slicing it into eight wedges like a pizza or pie.
Make round scones by cutting circles out of the dough using a drinking glass or a circle-shaped cookie cutter.
Using a sharp knife, cut the scones into squares.
Transfer the scones onto a baking sheet. To prevent sticking, consider covering your baking sheet with some parchment paper. If you have more baking sheets and enough room in your oven, you can roll and cut the other half of the dough; otherwise, you will have to wait until the first batch is done baking.